Wellbeing index avoiding scaling and weights


Las medidas de bienestar existentes difieren en términos de número y formato de elementos, factores que se miden, métodos de agregación y no son comparables. Una medida de bienestar implica combinar un número n de indicadores y la calidad de la medida depende de las propiedades de los procedimientos de combinación adoptados. El artículo propone dos métodos de agregación sin supuestos para satisfacer las propiedades deseadas de un índice en términos de similitud de coseno y Media Geométrica (GM), evitando problemas asociados con el escalado de datos brutos y la elección de pesos. Se proporciona una ilustración empírica sobre la aplicación de las medidas propuestas. Los índices propuestos brindan una mejor admisibilidad de las operaciones y satisfacen propiedades como la prueba de inversión del tiempo, la formación de índices en cadena, el cálculo de la media del grupo y las pruebas estadísticas para la comparación en el tiempo y el espacio. El índice preferido se puede construir incluso para datos longitudinales asimétricos y ayuda a reflejar la trayectoria de mejora registrada por un país/región a lo largo del tiempo. Se prefiere el índice basado en GM debido a áreas de aplicación más amplias. El índice se puede utilizar además para clasificar países, subgrupos e incluso personas con morbilidad en términos de valores generales de bienestar. Se sugieren estudios futuros.

Palabras clave: índice de bienestar; significado geométrico; prueba de inversión de tiempo; índices de cadena


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Biografía del autor/a

Satyendra Nath Chakrabartty, Indian Statistical Institute (Delhi, India)

Prof. Satyendra Nath Chakrabartty is  M. Stat. from Indian Statistical Institute. Prof. Chakrabartty has taught Post Graduate courses at Indian Statistical Institute, University of Calcutta, Galgotias Business School, etc.  He has over 65 publications to his credit. He retired from the position of Director, Kolkata Campus of the Indian Maritime University. His previous assignment was Consultant, Indian Ports Association, New Delhi.

Cómo citar
Chakrabartty, S. (2021). Wellbeing index avoiding scaling and weights. CULTURA EDUCACIÓN Y SOCIEDAD, 12(2), 181-204. https://doi.org/10.17981/cultedusoc.12.2.2021.11