Internacionalización de empresas latinas: evolución y tendencias

Resumen

El propósito de este estudio es realizar un análisis sistémico de las investigaciones sobre internacionalización de empresas Latinas.  Para ello, se efectúa un análisis de red complementado con herramientas bibliométricas, logrando así, la identificación de las perspectivas del tema. Inicialmente, se efectuó la búsqueda temática en las bases de datos WoS y Scopus; las referencias obtenidas fueron procesadas mediante bibliometrix y Gephi, facilitando la clasificación de los documentos según su relevancia en tres categorías, clásicos, estructurales y recientes, finalmente se realiza un análisis de cocitaciones. Este último procedimiento permitió identificar cuatro perspectivas principales en el área: diversificación y desempeño, emprendimiento, exportaciones y mercado, estrategias y competencia.

Palabras clave: Internacionalización; empresas latinas; competitividad; diversificación; economía emergente; mapeo científico. JEL: F23.

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Acerca de los Autores

Pedro Luis Duque Hurtado, Universidad Católica Luis Amigo

Es Estudiante doctorado en Administración en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales, Magister en Administración de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Manizales. Administrador de empresas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia Sede Manizales. Docente Facultad de ciencias Administrativas, Económicas y Contables Universidad Católica Luis Amigo.

Oscar Eduardo Meza Aguirre, Universidad Católica Luis Amigó

Es Economista de la Universidad de Manizales en 1990, Magister en Administración de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, candidato a un doctor en sostenibilidad y desarrollo de la Universidad de Manizales. Sus intereses incluyen la investigación en negocios e internacionales, comercio, internacionalización de organizaciones, estrategia y desarrollo sostenible. Es investigador de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Manizales y en la Universidad Católica Luis Amigó, Centro regional de Manizales.

Gaston Adolfo Zapata Lesmes, Universidad Católica Luis Amigó

Es Doctor en Educación por la Universidad Central de Nicaragua, Master en Master in English Didactic por la Universidad de Caldas, Master in Education and Human Development por la Universidad de Manizales. Más de 24 años de experiencia en educación, enseñanza del inglés como lengua extranjera en los niveles de educación media, pregrado y posgrado. Evaluador externo de proyectos de investigación. Docente cursos de investigación. Asesor de tesis de Pregrado. Docente Investigador en estrategias del aprendizaje del inglés desde hispanohablantes. Investigador en desarrollo de competencias lectoras básicas en inglés en cursos de ESP. Director Académico y Administrativo Instituto Meyer de Colombia. Director de Departamento de idiomas Universidad de Manizales.

José David Giraldo Castellanos, Universidad Católica Luis Amigó

Es Administrador de Empresas y Magíster en Administración de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Los campos interés académico y profesional, se orientan a investigaciones sobre temáticas de comercio exterior, negocios internacionales, macroeconomía y estrategias de negocio.

Publicado
2020-09-25
Cómo citar
Duque Hurtado, P., Meza Aguirre, O., Zapata Lesmes, G., & Giraldo Castellanos, J. (2020). Internacionalización de empresas latinas: evolución y tendencias. ECONÓMICAS CUC, 42(1). https://doi.org/10.17981/econcuc.42.1.2021.Org.1
Sección
Artículos: Administración, Organización y Métodos