Funciones de desempeño de seguridad en carriles de uso exclusivos del BRT sobre el corredor de la Avenida Caracas en la ciudad de Bogotá

  • Kelly Andrea Rodríguez Polo Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito. Bogotá (Colombia) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7907-0305
  • Santiago Henao Pérez Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito. Bogotá (Colombia)

Resumen

Introducción- La seguridad vial es una preocupación global ya que los accidentes de tránsito generan afectaciones en la salud de carácter temporal y / o permanente de las personas involucradas. Por otro lado, los Sistemas de Buses de Tránsito Rápido (BRT) transportan una gran cantidad de pasajeros y, durante su operación se involucran en este tipo de problema.

Objetivo- El modelo de estimación de accidentes del Manual de Seguridad Vial de los Estados Unidos (HSM-2010) es una alternativa para evaluar las estrategias de reducción de accidentes en este tipo de sistemas. Sin embargo, no hay Funciones de Desempeño de Seguridad (SPFs) Vial desarrolladas para los BRT. Por tanto, en este estudio se calibra el modelo de accidentes del HSM usando las expresiones generales de SPFs del manual y, además, se proponen SPFs para el sistema BRT que operan sobre avenidas usando un carril de uso exclusivo ubicado en el centro de la vía y, separado de todos los demás sistemas de transporte (público o privado) y movilidad (por ejemplo, ciclo-vías).

Metodología / Resultados – Se utilizaron los reportes de accidentalidad y los volúmenes de tráfico suministrados por la Secretaria de Movilidad de Bogotá. El modelo se calibró utilizando las funciones de desempeño de seguridad del HSM y se desarrolló funciones para las condiciones específicas del BRT empleando un modelo binomial negativo tanto para segmentos de vía como intersecciones.

Conclusiones- Mediante el proceso de validación se determinó que las funciones desarrolladas tienen un mejor ajuste que las SPFs establecidas en el HSM. Estas SPFs desarrollados pueden emplearse para definir las pautas del desempeño de seguridad de los corredores del BRT en la ciudad de Bogotá durante los próximos años.

Palabras clave: Buses de Transito Rápido, Manual de Seguridad Vial, Funciones de Desempeño de la Seguridad, Avenidas Urbanas y Suburbanas, Factores de Modificación de Accidentes, Modelo de Regresión Binomial Negativo, Segmentos de Vía, Intersecciones, Modelo de Estimación de Accidentes

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Acerca de los Autores

Kelly Andrea Rodríguez Polo, Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito. Bogotá (Colombia)

Kelly Andrea Rodríguez Polo received the M.Sc. degree in engineering, transit and transportation from the Colombian School of Engineering "Julio Garavito", Bogotá, Colombia, 2018. Currenly, she is Ph.D. student in engineering and assistant professor of Military University “Nueva Granada”. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7907-0305

Santiago Henao Pérez, Escuela Colombiana de Ingeniería Julio Garavito. Bogotá (Colombia)

Santiago Henao Pérez received the M.Sc. degree in engineering, transport engineering and operations from the University of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, England, in 1980. He is representative of Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) of the United Kingdom in Bogotá, where he has teaching courses in transport engineering and road safety. Currenly, He is professor of the Colombian School of Engineering "Julio Garavito", where he is Director of the Center for Studies of Roads and Transportation.

Publicado
2019-10-08
Cómo citar
Rodríguez Polo, K., & Henao Pérez, S. (2019). Funciones de desempeño de seguridad en carriles de uso exclusivos del BRT sobre el corredor de la Avenida Caracas en la ciudad de Bogotá. INGE CUC, 15(2). https://doi.org/10.17981/ingecuc.15.2.2019.07