Protección de las relaciones crediticias en el derecho penal de Ucrania

Resumen

El artículo examina las características de la protección de las relaciones crediticias por el derecho penal de Ucrania. El estudio tiene por objeto analizar las peculiaridades de las relaciones crediticias y financieras en Ucrania, exponer los tipos penales en el campo de las relaciones crediticias y explicar las características de la calificación de los delitos en el campo de la actividad crediticia. Para lograr el propósito del artículo se utilizaron los métodos de investigación lógico formal y dogmático jurídico. Utilizando los métodos lógico-formal y dogmático, se analizaron las relaciones crediticias como objeto de protección jurídica en el derecho penal. Se han estudiado también los rasgos característicos de la personalidad de los delincuentes que cometen delitos en el ámbito de las relaciones crediticias. Se exponen diferencias específicas con otros tipos de delincuentes que se manifiestan en el hecho de que las personas que cometen delitos en el campo de las relaciones crediticias, por regla general, tienen un alto estatus social, educación superior y seguridad financiera. Gracias a la investigación realizada en el artículo se exponen algunas características importantes como el hecho de que entre quienes cometen delitos en el campo del crédito hay una alta proporción de mujeres. Este hecho tiene un significado importante para las ciencias sociales, ya que subraya la desigualdad y la discriminación de género.

Palabras clave: Relaciones crediticias, protección, delincuentes, delitos, préstamos bancarios, instituciones financieras

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Acerca de los Autores

Viktoria Babanina, National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv (Ukraine)

Professor of Criminal Law Department of the National Academy of Internal Affairs. PhD in Law, Associate Profes- sor (Kyiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/ORCID/0000-0003-4173-488Х

Vitalii Kuznetsov, Institute of Department of State Guard of Ukraine of Taras Shevchenko. Kyiv (Ukraine)

Professor of Special Department № 2 of Institute of Department of State Guard of Ukraine of Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University. Doctor of Law, Professor (Kyiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1727-4019

Nelia Lisova, Prosecutor’s Office of the Training Center of Prosecutors of Ukraine. Kyiv (Ukraine)

Head of the Training Department of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Training Center of Prosecutors of Ukraine. PhD in Law, Associate Professor (Kyiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000- 0002-4410-6662

Inna Vartyletska, National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv (Ukraine)

Professor of Criminal Law Department of the National Academy of Internal Affairs. PhD in Law, Associate Pro- fessor (Kyiv, Ukraine). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3447-0567

Publicado
2021-08-30
Cómo citar
Babanina, V., Kuznetsov, V., Lisova, N., & Vartyletska, I. (2021). Protección de las relaciones crediticias en el derecho penal de Ucrania. JURÍDICAS CUC, 18(1), 85–108. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.18.1.2022.04