Una revisión de literatura del modelo efectual usando ToS

Resumen

El emprendimiento a nivel mundial ha sido fuente de inspiración para quienes han tomado la decisión de desarrollar y manejar un negocio asumiendo los múltiples riesgos. Esto ha llevado a la implementación del modelo efectual, como una lógica de experiencia empresarial que los emprendedores principiantes pueden utilizar en la etapa inicial caracterizada por la incertidumbre. El objetivo principal es introducir a los lectores a los principales elementos de esta teoría, en los diálogos científicos actuales y los debates que se han generado en torno al tema. Este artículo se apoya en investigaciones previas realizadas en las diferentes ciencias sociales para proponer una visión cronológica y teórica del tema, a partir de una retrospectiva en la que se examinan estudios previos que permitan una mejor toma de decisiones por parte del emprendedor, a partir de un análisis de 297 artículos de investigación usando como herramienta el Árbol de la Ciencia (Tree of Science). Los resultados mostraron que hay una ciencia para el emprendimiento, una lógica común que se ha observado en empresarios expertos llamado modelo efectual, que promete un método a seguir para abordar los problemas, mientras se hacen crecer los negocios.

Palabras clave: Modelo efectuar; emprendimiento; efectividad; causalidad; árbol de la ciencia.

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Acerca de los Autores

Jersson Casasbuenas Garzón, Servicio Nacional De Aprendizaje – SENA / Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Es Normalista Superior de la Escuela Normal Superior de Nocaima, Administrador de Empresas de la Universidad EAN y Magíster en Educación de la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional.

Laura Patricia Giraldo Vélez, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Es Economista Empresarial, Especialista en Desarrollo Gerencial y Magister en Administración de Negocios de la Universidad Autónoma de Manizales.

Publicado
2021-05-25
Cómo citar
Casasbuenas Garzón, J., & Giraldo Vélez, L. (2021). Una revisión de literatura del modelo efectual usando ToS. ECONÓMICAS CUC, 42(2), 145-160. https://doi.org/10.17981/econcuc.42.2.2021.Org.8
Sección
Artículos: Administración, Organización y Métodos