«El caso Flint Michigan» y su importancia para la doctrina y la legislación ambiental y legal de los Estados Unidos y Rusia

Resumen

El artículo demuestra que las violaciones del derecho humano al agua potable no solo ocurren en países del «tercer mundo», sino también en países económicamente prósperos, incluido Estados Unidos, como lo demostró claramente el caso de Flint (Michigan). El objetivo del estudio es demostrar que el problema es complejo y debe abordarse en el contexto de una serie de factores económicos, políticos y sociales. En el estudio se utilizaron métodos de investigación tales como análisis comparativos, síntesis, lógica formal y otros métodos de investigación científica. En el artículo se examinan los problemas de calidad del agua potable en la ciudad de Flint, que demuestran que la mejor manera de prevenir esas crisis ambientales es abordar la pobreza, la drogadicción, el desempleo y los altos índices de delincuencia violenta causados por la recesión económica en el lugar (región) correspondiente. Los autores demuestran que existen problemas similares en Rusia, donde existen problemas similares en varias ciudades y pueblos pequeños y deprimidos. La conclusión final de los autores es que, tanto en Rusia como en los Estados Unidos, el suministro de agua potable de calidad no es posible fuera del contexto de las cuestiones económicas y sociales, y uno de los instrumentos para abordar estas cuestiones es el logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) propuestos por las Naciones Unidas en 2015.

Palabras clave: Agua potable, padecimiento, contaminación, derechos humanos, enfermedades

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1 “Non-centralized water supply” is usually understood as use of water from underground sources for drinking and domestic purposes by means of water distribution systems such as wells by population primarily in rural areas.

Aleksey P. Anisimov is professor of Department of Civil and International Private Law, Volgograd State University (Volgograd city, Russian Federation). Doctor of Juridical Sciences. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3988-2066

Anatoliy J. Ryzhenkov is professor of Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Kalmyk State University (Elista city, Russian Federation. Doctor of Juridical Sciences (Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2015-1709

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Acerca de los Autores

Aleksey Anisimov, Volgograd State University. Volgograd city (Russian Federation)

Professor of Department of Civil and International Private Law, Volgograd State University (Volgograd city, Russian Federation). Doctor of Juridical Sciences

Anatoliy Ryzhenkov, Kalmyk State University. Elista city (Russian Federation)

Professor of Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Kalmyk State University (Elista city, Russian Federation. Doctor of Juridical Sciences (Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2015-1709

Publicado
2021-03-24
Cómo citar
Anisimov, A., & Ryzhenkov, A. (2021). «El caso Flint Michigan» y su importancia para la doctrina y la legislación ambiental y legal de los Estados Unidos y Rusia. JURÍDICAS CUC, 17(1), 453–474. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.17.1.2021.16