Justicia electrónica en asuntos civiles y disputas económicas en la Federación de Rusia

Resumen

Se analizaron los últimos cambios en la legislación de la Federación de Rusia, dirigidos al desarrollo de la justicia electrónica en asuntos civiles y arbitrales. Los principales métodos de este estudio fueron formal-legal, comparativo-legal y sistemático. Se valoraron positivamente la introducción de tecnologías digitales en el ámbito de la protección judicial de los derechos y los intereses protegidos por la ley, de los ciudadanos y organizaciones en la Federación de Rusia. Se observa que la informatización de los procedimientos judiciales y legales servirá como un medio eficaz para implementar los principios de transparencia y acceso de la justicia en la Federación de Rusia. El uso de elementos de la justicia electrónica, como la presentación electrónica de documentos, la participación en una reunión mediante videoconferencia, el registro de audio y video, la posibilidad de que las personas involucradas en el caso obtengan protocolos de audio y video a través de sistemas electrónicos de comunicación, la notificación a los participantes en el proceso utilizando recursos como la “guardia electrónica”, la notificación por SMS, etc., tiene como objetivo mejorar la calidad de la justicia rusa. A pesar de la evaluación general positiva de los cambios en la legislación de la Federación de Rusia sobre justicia electrónica, los autores señalan sus deficiencias individuales. El artículo refleja los problemas de la regulación normativa de la justicia electrónica en la Federación de Rusia y propone formas de resolver conflictos legales.

Palabras clave: Accesibilidad a la justicia, arbitraje, justicia electrónica, procedimientos legales electrónicos, proceso civil, transparencia de la justicia

Referencias

Borisova, V. F. (2019). Legal regulation directions of civil e-justice. Materials of the III International Scientific and Practical Conference, Tambov legal readings named after F.N. Plevako (pp. 209–213). Publishing House "Derzhavinsky", Tambov, R. F. Available: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=42403529

Bryantseva, O. V. & Soldatkina, O. L. (2019). E-justice in Russia: issues and their possible solution. O.E. Kutafin University Bulletin, 12(64), 97–104. Available: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/elektronnoe-pravosudie-v-rossii-problemy-i-puti-resheniya

Denisov, I. S. (2018). The development of e-justice in Russia. Bulletin of the st. Petersburg university of the mia of russia, 1(77), 101–104. Available: https://cyberleninka.ru/journal/n/vestnik-sankt-peterburgskogo-universiteta-mvd-rossii?i=1082362

Dorzhiev, E. P. (2012). The electronic submission of documents to arbitration courts: provisional application. Arbitration and civil procedure, (7), 21–24.

Fedoseeva, N. N. (2011). Access to information on the operation of courts in the Russian Federation. Court Administrator, (1).

Fedoseeva, N. N. (2008). E-justice in Russia: concept, problems and perspectives. Arbitration and Civil Procedure, (9), 14–17. Available: https://www.twirpx.com/file/488604/

Fokov, A. P. (2011). The functioning of arbitration courts in the Russian Federation in 2010 and perspectives for developing e-justice. Rossiiskii sudya, (6).

Reshetnyak, V. I. (2011). The issue of e-justice in arbitration and civil proceedings. Lawyer, (9).

R.F. Chairman of the Government. (Sept. 20, 2012). On approval of the Concept of the federal target program "Development of the judicial system of Russia for 2013-2020". [Resolution No. 1735-r]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_135603/

R.F. Federal Arbitration Courts. (n.d.) . The consideration of cases by arbitration courts in 2018. [Online]. Available: http://arbitr.ru

R.F. Supreme Arbitration Court. (Apr. 18, 2017). On some aspects of applying provisions of the Civil Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on simplified proceedings. [Decree No. 10]. Russian newspaper, 88. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_215641/

R.F. Supreme Arbitration Court. (October 8, 2012). On ensuring the principle of free speech in arbitration proceedings. [Resolution No. 61]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_137059/

R.F. Supreme Arbitration Court. (Feb. 17, 2011). On applying the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation in conformity with Federal Law No. 228-FZ of July 27, 2010 “On amending the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. [Resolution No. 12]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_111644/

R.F. Supreme Arbitration Court. (Jan. 12, 2011). Temporary procedure for submission of documents to the arbitration courts of the Russian Federation in electronic form. [Order No. 1]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_109727/

R.F. Supreme Arbitration Court. (Jul. 12, 2007). On posting information on the Internet sites of arbitration courts. [Letter No. VАS-S01/UIS-984]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_70330/

R.F. Supreme Court. (Mar. 18, 2020). On halting the personal reception of citizens in courts. [Resolution 808]. Availabale: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_347974/

R.F. Supreme Court. (Dec. 26, 2017). On applying the legislation regulating the use of electronic documents by general jurisdiction and arbitration courts. [Decree No. 57]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_286321/

R.F. Supreme Court. (Dec. 28, 2016). On approval of the Procedure for filing documents in the arbitration courts of the Russian Federation in electronic form, including in the form of an electronic document. [Decree No. 252]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_209951/

R.F. Supreme Court. (Nov. 26, 2015). On approving the List of main concepts and terms used in legal acts of the Judicial Department that govern the use of information-telecommunication technologies in the operation of courts, agencies of the Judicial Department in constituent entities of the Russian Federation and institutions of the Judicial Department. [Order No. 362]. Available: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/420324231

R.F. State Duma. (Jul. 26, 2019). On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation. [Federal Law No. 197-FZ]. Availalble: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_329959/

R.F. State Duma. (Nov. 28, 2018). On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation. [Federal Law No. 451-FZ]. Availalble: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_312093/

R.F. State Duma. (Jun. 25, 2012). On amending the Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation to simplify court proceedings. [Federal Law No. 86-FZ]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_131581/

R.F. State Duma. (Jul. 2, 2013). On amending some legal acts of the Russian Federation. [Federal Law No. 166-FZ]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_148477/

R.F. State Duma. (Jul. 11, 2011). On amending certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation due to the adoption of the Federal Law on information, information technologies and information security. [Federal Law No. 200-FZ]. Russian newspaper, 34. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_116562/

R.F. State Duma. (Jul. 27, 2010). On amending the Arbitration Procedure Code. [Federal Law No. 228]. Rossiiskaya gazeta, 169. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_103105/

R.F. State Duma. (Dec. 22, 2008). On providing access to data on the operation of courts. [Federal Law No. 262-FZ]. Russian newspaper, 265. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_82839/

R.F. State Duma. (Jul. 27, 2006). On information, information technologies and information security. [Federal Law No. 149 FZ]. Russian newspaper, 165. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_61798/

R.F. State Duma. (jul. 24, 2002). The Arbitration Procedure Code of the Russian Federation. [Federal Law No. 95-FZ]. Russian newspaper, 137. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_37800/

R.F. State Duma. (apr. 28, 1995). On Arbitration Courts in the Russian Federation. [Federal Constitutional Law of No. 1-FKZ]. Available: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_6510/

Rogozhin, S. P. (2012). The specifics of ensuring e-justice. The Civilist, (2).

Rybkina, K. V. (2018). E-justice as a new structure in public administration. Gaps in Russian Legislation, (1), 120–126. Available: https://urvak.ru/articles/probe-vypusk-1-elektronnoe-pravosudie-kak-novaya-s/

Shilovskaya, A. L. & Sitdikova, L. B. (2018). The Use of Restorative Justice for Juveniles in Europe. Russian journal of criminology, 12(1), 141–151. https://doi.org/10.17150/2500-4255.2018.12(1).141-151

Sitdikova, L. B. & Starodumova, S. J. (2019). Corporate agreement as a means of providing security in the course of entrepreneurship development. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(1), 324–335. https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2019.7.1(24)

Sourdin, T. & Zeleznikow, J. (2020). Courts, mediation and COVID-19. Australian Business Law Review, 48(2), 138–158.

Sourdin, T., Li, B. & McNamara, D. M. (2020). Court innovations and access to justice in times of crisis. Health Policy and Technology, 9(4), 447–453. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlpt.2020.08.020

Spitsin, I. N. (2011). The mechanism ensuring the transparency of civil and arbitration proceedings: general characteristics. Russian Law Review, (2).

Usova, M. G. (2018). Relevant issues of e-justice. Civilistics: law and progress, 3(44), 132–136. Available: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=38236214

Van Gelder, E., Kramer, X. & Themeli, E. (Apr. 7, 020). Access to justice in times of corona. When COVID-19 makes the case for greater digitalisation of justice. [Online]. Available: https://conflictoflaws.net/2020/access-to-justice-in-times-of-corona/

Vasnev, V. (2008). E-justice: results and perspectives. Bulletin of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation, (8), 58–59. Available: https://igzakon.ru/list?year=2013&type=59

Vdovina, E. (2009). Developing the principle of free speech in civil and arbitration proceedings. Arbitration and civil procedure, (10).

Vorontsova, I. V. (2019). The correlation between two concepts – “e-court” and “e-justice. Legal policy and legal life, (3), 167–169.

Yachmenev, G. G. (2012). Posting judicial acts on the Internet (legal aspects). Arbitration and civil proceedings, (7).

Yakovleva, A. P. (2019). Pros and cons of e-justice: seeking balance. Vestnik PVolga Region Management Institute Newsletter, 19(6), 73–79. https://doi.org/10.22394/1682-2358-2019-6-73-79

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Acerca de los Autores

Inna Leonidovna Burova, Russian State Social University. Moscow (Russian Federation)

Ph.D. in Juridical Sciences, Russian State Social University (Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3947-3142

Maria Alexandrovna Volkova, Russian State Social University. Moscow (Russian Federation)

Ph.D. in Historical Sciences, Russian State Social University (Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5928-6929

Renata Romanovna Lenkovskaya, Russian State Social University. Moscow (Russian Federation)

Ph.D. in Juridical Sciences, Russian State Social University (Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9309-3602

Publicado
2021-05-13
Cómo citar
Burova, I., Volkova, M., & Lenkovskaya, R. (2021). Justicia electrónica en asuntos civiles y disputas económicas en la Federación de Rusia. JURÍDICAS CUC, 17(1), 629–648. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.17.1.2021.22