Características del desarrollo de la Institución de Servicio Público: Experiencia Internacional y su aplicación en Rusia

  • Alexander Georgievich Gurinovich Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). Moscow (Russian Federation) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9232-3960
  • Natalya Ivanovna Petrykina Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). Moscow (Russian Federation) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1865-0189

Resumen

Mediante el presente artículo se analizarán las características del desarrollo de los servicios públicos y las posibilidades de aplicar esta experiencia para Rusia y otros países. El objetivo del artículo es realizar un análisis comparativo de los modelos de desarrollo de instituciones de servicio público en el mundo; determinar sus características comunes y distintivas, que deben tenerse en cuenta al determinar los objetivos de la reforma de la institución de servicio público en Rusia. A través de una metodología comparativa se revisan los modelos de desarrollo de las instituciones de servicio público en países extranjeros. Se examinan y analizan las principales etapas de la reforma de servicio público y se determinan las direcciones generales y distintivas de dicho proceso. Al determinar los objetivos principales de la reforma de la institución de servicio público en Rusia, es necesario tener en cuenta las experiencias de los Estados extranjeros, que tienen resultados positivos. En particular, se debe prestar atención a los cambios que se produzcan en cada etapa de la reforma, a saber: marco jurídico y funcionamiento de servicio público, la estructura orgánica de servicio público, política de personal, la provisión por funcionarios de los servicios públicos a los ciudadanos, el desarrollo de la sociedad de la información. Se tuvieron en consideración para las perspectivas de análisis a instituciones de servicio público de países desarrollados. Se concluye que un análisis comparativo de los procesos de mejora conducirán a las bases de una reforma del instituto de servicio público ruso para conseguir los logros y resultados que se requieren.

Palabras clave: Estructura del Estado, institucionalización, reforma, salario

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Acerca de los Autores

Alexander Georgievich Gurinovich, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). Moscow (Russian Federation)

Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Administrative and Financial Law, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) (Moscow, Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9232-3960

Natalya Ivanovna Petrykina, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). Moscow (Russian Federation)

PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative and Financial Law, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) (Moscow, Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1865-0189

Publicado
2021-02-13
Cómo citar
Gurinovich, A., & Petrykina, N. (2021). Características del desarrollo de la Institución de Servicio Público: Experiencia Internacional y su aplicación en Rusia. JURÍDICAS CUC, 17(1), 253–276. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.17.1.2021.09