Estado legal de los contratos inteligentes: características, papel, significado

Resumen

Este artículo mediante el criterio metodológico del análisis crítico examina el estado legal de los contratos inteligentes, sus particularidades, características y la posibilidad de introducir esta categoría en el campo legal. El objetivo principal del estudio es determinar el estado legal de los contratos inteligentes, y la posibilidad de aplicación en el derecho civil. Durante el estudio se llegó a la conclusión de que el contrato inteligente es un código de programa, basado en la tecnología blockchain, la cual por sus características legales es un mensaje legalmente significativo escrito en un idioma (lenguaje artificial) y respaldado por la firma digital electrónica de cada una de las partes. Se ha demostrado como las interacciones multilaterales realizadas a través de contratos inteligentes permiten reducir los costos de la realización y control de las operaciones, aumentar la velocidad de las operaciones y reducir los riesgos asociados con las acciones desleales de las partes.

Palabras clave: Contrato inteligente, entorno digital, tecnología blockchain, intermediarios, mensajes legalmente significativos, relaciones legales

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Acerca de los Autores

Elena Anatolyevna Kirillova, Southwest State University, Kursk (Russian Federation)

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor of Civil Law at Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7137-901X

Varvara Vladimirovna Bogdan, Southwest State University, Kursk (Russian Federation)

Head of the Department of Civil Law of Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation. Doctor of Law, Associate Professor. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9686-4687

Igor B. Lagutin, Southwest State University, Kursk (Russian Federation)

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Financial Law (Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation), constitutional, civil and administrative proceedings Deputy Chairman of the Committee of Education and Science of Kursk region. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0195-2041

Evgeniy Dmitrievich Gorevoy, Southwest State University, Kursk (Russian Federation)

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor of Civil Law (Southwest State University, Kursk, Russian Federation). https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3602-981X

Publicado
2019-10-11
Cómo citar
Kirillova, E., Bogdan, V., Lagutin, I., & Gorevoy, E. (2019). Estado legal de los contratos inteligentes: características, papel, significado. JURÍDICAS CUC, 15(1), 285-300. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.15.1.2019.11