El estado legal de los tokens y su herencia

Resumen

Este artículo analiza el estado legal de los tokens, sus características específicas y distintivas, así como la posibilidad de herencia de este activo digital. El objetivo del estudio es analizar la naturaleza legal y la clasificación de los tokens, así como las especialidades de herencia. En esta investigación, se han utilizado los métodos de recopilación y estudio de singularidades, generalización, abstracción científica, cognición de leyes objetivas, objetividad, especificidad y pluralismo. En el estudio se ha concluido que el token es una entrada en el registro de bloques de transacciones (blockchain), otro sistema de información distribuida que verifica que el propietario del token tiene derechos sobre objetos de derechos civiles y (o) es una criptomoneda. Se ha demostrado que los tokens, por su naturaleza legal, son unidad del precio digital en las acciones de individuos en proyectos empresariales, así como en el capital autorizado de la empresa: un análogo del precio digital de valores no certificados; análogo del precio digital de otros objetos de derechos civiles. Se ha propuesto una clasificación de tokens y se ha argumentado la necesidad de crear un repositorio electrónico contenido códigos del acceso para activos digitales, después de la muerte del testador, estos códigos pueden presentarse a los herederos por testamento o ley, si el testador no ha hecho las disposiciones testamentarias correspondientes durante su vida. Estas conclusiones y sugerencias ayudarán a resolver en la práctica los problemas de calificación legal del token y resolver problemas de herencia en esta área.

Palabras clave: Criptomoneda, estado legal, heredero, tecnología de blockchain, tecnología digital, token, herencia

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Acerca de los Autores

Elena Anatolyevna Kirillova, Southwest State University. Kursk (Federation Russia)

Associate Professor, Department of Civil Law, Southwest State University (Kursk, Federation Russia). https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7137-901X

Oleg Evgenyevich Blinkov, Academy of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia. Ryazan (Federation Russia)

Doctor of Law, Professor, Department of Civil Law and Procedure, Academy of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia (Ryazan, Federation Russia). State University of Humanities and Social Studies (Kolomna, Federation Russia). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3506-2194

Teymur Zulfugarzade, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics. Moscow (Federation Russia)

Associate Professor, Head of the Department of State and Legal Disciplines, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics (Moscow, Federation Russia). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0778-1511

Aleksandr Vladimirovich Bocharov, Russian State University of Tourism and Services Studies. Cherkizovo. (Federation Russia)

Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, Russian State University of Tourism and Services Studies (Cherkizovo, Federation Russia). https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7950-6052

Artur Yashevich Avdalyan, Russian State University of Tourism and Services Studies. Cherkizovo (Federation Russia)

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Disciplines, Russian State University of Tourism and Services Studies (Cherkizovo, Federation Russia). https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3089-8662

Publicado
2020-04-17
Cómo citar
Kirillova, E., Blinkov, O., Zulfugarzade, T., Bocharov, A., & Avdalyan, A. (2020). El estado legal de los tokens y su herencia. JURÍDICAS CUC, 16(1), 287–302. https://doi.org/10.17981/juridcuc.16.1.2020.12