Mejora de los sistemas de riego inteligentes mediante la selección energéticamente eficiente de clusters en WSN heterogéneas

Autores/as

  • Emad Hassan Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jazan University, Jizan 45142, Saudi Arabia
  • Ahmed S. Oshaba Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jazan University, Jizan 45142, Saudi Arabia.
  • Atef El-Emary Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering, Jazan University, Jizan 45142, Saudi Arabia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17981/ingecuc.19.2.2023.01

Palabras clave:

riego inteligente, WSNs, protocolos de encaminamiento, eficiencia energética

Resumen

Introducción— Los sistemas de riego inteligente requieren una comunicación fiable y energéticamente eficiente entre los sensores de una Red Inalámbrica de Sensores (WSN) y el sistema de control.

Objetivo— Para hacer frente a este reto, este trabajo presenta varios protocolos de selección basados en clusters, basados en el Protocolo de Elección Estable (SEP) y en la Agrupación Distribuida de Eficiencia Energética (DEEC).

Metodología— Los protocolos presentados dividen el campo agrícola en subcampos para reducir el consumo de energía entre los sensores lejanos y la Estación Base (EB).

Resultados— La comparación con los protocolos tradicionales utilizando métricas de evaluación como el rendimiento de la red, la estabilidad, el periodo de inestabilidad y la vida útil, muestra que los protocolos presentados superan en términos de todas las métricas.

Conclusiones— Los resultados indican la eficacia de los protocolos propuestos para prolongar la vida útil de la red y mejorar la eficiencia energética en WSN heterogéneas, apoyando así el rendimiento de los sistemas de riego inteligentes. Numéricamente, utilizando los protocolos propuestos, la vida útil de la red aumenta un 23% en comparación con el SEP convencional.

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Publicado

2023-04-24

Cómo citar

Hassan, E., S. Oshaba, A. ., & El-Emary, A. . (2023). Mejora de los sistemas de riego inteligentes mediante la selección energéticamente eficiente de clusters en WSN heterogéneas. INGE CUC, 19(2), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.17981/ingecuc.19.2.2023.01